• Susan M. Cachel
  • Susan M. Cachel
  • Professor, SAS
  • Specialization: Physical anthropology, human and nonhuman primate evolution, evolutionary theory, morphology.
  • Degree and University: PhD, U Chicago, 1976
  • Office: BIO-203C
  • Office Hours: Spring 2024 - Wednesday 1-3 pm or by appointment
  • Phone: 848-932-9270

  pdf Susan Cachel's Bibliography For Physical Anthropology (173 KB)


Fossil Primates book cover cachel photo Primate and Human Evolution book cover


Education:                   Ph.D., University of Chicago 

Specialization:             Primate Evolution, Paleoanthropology, Evolutionary Theory, Primatology, Vertebrate Paleontology



Elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for “incisive contributions to hominization theory, the role of nutritional fat in human occupation of high latitudes, and primate evolution,” December 2009

Plenary Session Member Prize, 75th Anniversary of the founding of the
American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 2005


2015. Fossil Primates. Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology. 299 pp. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

2006. Primate and Human Evolution. Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology. 488 pp. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Selected papers:
2017. Energetics of the nasal cavity: The impact of total energy expenditure on cranial airway morphology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 162 (Supplement S64):278 (abstract). V. Mason, R. Scott, & S. Cachel.

2016. Burial law impedes scientific discovery. Science 352:1526.

2012. Human tool behavior is species-specific and remains unique. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35(4):20 doi: 10.1017/50140525X11001981.

2009. Arboreal origins of hominid bipedalism. Abstracts of the 9th North American Paleontological Convention, p. 105 (abstract). Cincinnati Museum Center. Scientific Contributions no. 3.

2008. Does hominid bipedalism arise from arboreal locomotion on flexible branches? American Journal of Physical Anthropology S46:75. (abstract). (S. Cachel & M. Crisfield)

2007. Novelty transmittal and innovative species. Solicited commentary on “Animal innovation defined and operationalized.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30(5):407-408. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X07002385.

2006. Use of modern Arctic peoples in modeling past behaviors. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 42:72 (abstract).

Selected Book Chapters:

2013a. “Natural history intelligence and hominid tool behaviour,” In: Tools of the Trade: Methods, Techniques and Innovative Approaches in Archaeology, J. Wilkins & K. Anderson, eds., pp. 13-29. Calgary: University of Calgary Press.

2013b. “The paleobiology of Homo erectus: Implications for understanding the adaptive zone of this species.” In Companion to Human Evolution, S. McBrearty, ed. San Diego, CA: Cognella, Inc. Reprinted in a print and E-book form (S. Cachel & J.W.K. Harris).

2012a. “Human Evolution, Theories of: The Origins of Human Behavior,” in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, 2nd edition, N.A. Silberman,
Editor-in Chief, vol. 2, pp. 34-36. New York: Oxford University Press.

2012b. “Humans, Modern: Peopling of the Globe,” in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, 2nd edition, N.A. Silberman, Editor-in-Chief,
vol. 2, pp. 47-51. New York: Oxford University Press.

2009. “Using sexual dimorphism and development to reconstruct mating systems in ancient primates,” In: Primatology: Theories, Methods and Research, E. Potocki and J. Krasiński, eds., pp. 75-93. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

2006. “The behavioural ecology of early Pleistocene hominids in the Koobi Fora region, East Turkana Basin, northern Kenya,” In: Space and Spatial Analysis in Archaeology, E.C. Robertson, J.D. Seibert, D.C. Fernandez, & M.U. Zender, eds., pp. 49-59. Calgary: University of Calgary Press. (S. Cachel & J.W.K. Harris)

Selected Book Reviews:

2019. Review of Ethnoprimatology. A Practical Guide to Research at the Human-Nonhuman Primate Interface. K.M. Dore, E.P. Riley, and A. Fuentes, eds. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. Anthropos (114.2019/2; Nov. 2019).

2018. Review of Crossing the Human Threshold. Dynamic Transformation and Persistent Places During the Middle Pleistocene. M. Pope, J. McNabb, and C. Gamble, eds. New York: Routledge. PaleoAnthropology 2018:47-48.

2017. Review of Human Paleontology and Prehistory: Contributions in Honor of Yoel Rak. A. Marom and E. Hovers, eds. Dordrecht: Springer Science + Business Media. PaleoAnthropology 2017:104-106.

2016. Review of The Nature of Culture: Based on an Interdisciplinary Symposium ‘The Nature of Culture’, Tübingen, Germany. M.N. Haidle, N.J. Conard, and M. Bolus, eds. Dordrecht: Springer Science + Business Media. PaleoAnthropology 2016:164-166. Doi: 10.4207/PA.2016.REV 154.

2013. Review of Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia. High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation. S.F. Vizcaíno, R.F. Kay, and M.S. Bargo, eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. PaleoAnthropology 2013:85-87. doi: 10.4207/PA.2013.REV138. www.paleoanthro.org/journal

2011. Review of The First Four Million Years of Human Evolution. Special issue of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B (Biological Sciences), vol. 365:3263-3410. PaleoAnthropology 2011:284-286. www.paleoanthro.org/journal.

2009. Review of Homo erectus. Pleistocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia, W.H. Gilbert and B. Asfaw, eds. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. PaleoAnthropology 2009:169-170. www.paleoanthro.org/journal.

2008. Review of Elwyn Simons: A Search for Origins, J.G. Fleagle and C.C. Gilbert, eds., Springer Science, Developments in Primatology (2008), International Journal of Primatology 29:1383-1384. DOI: 10.1007/s10764-008-9288-z.

2006. Review of Debating Humankind’s Place in Nature, 1860-2000: The Nature of Paleoanthropology. R.G. Delisle, Pearson Prentice Hall (2006). American Journal of Human Biology 18:867-869.